Located in the remote northeast of mainland Portugal, and separated from the coast by rugged mountains, the main DOC of this region is Trás-os-Montes, translated as “behind the mountains”. It is a high altitude region and has an austere continental climate with long and hot summers followed by long and cold winters. Soils are granite with some shale and tend to be poor and not very productive.
Red wines are typically full-bodied with fruity characteristics, and the whites have delicate floral aromas. The Trás-os-Montes region is subdivided into three sub-regions; Chaves, Valpaços, and Planalto Mirandês, arranged along the valleys of the rivers that cross them. The dominant white grape varieties are Côdega do Larinho, Fernão Pires, Gouveio, Malvasia Fina, Rabigato, Síria, and Viosinho, and in reds; Bastardo, Marufo, Tinta Roriz, Touriga Franca, Touriga Nacional, and Trincadeira.